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Archive | Outdoors

Join 2019 Butterfly Counts

RBy Ranger Steve Mueller


Discover butterflies in a variety of local habitats with people knowledgeable about butterfly identification. It is a great way to begin learning some of the 170 species known to Michigan. Join with the West Michigan Butterfly Association on a count for fun and learning. 

Counts are sponsored by the North American Butterfly Association (NABA) and cost $3 for each participant. The money is sent to NABA to create a publication documenting butterfly abundance, distribution, and trends throughout North America. Scientists make use of citizen science data. About 17 counts are held in Michigan annually. Bring families. Contact Ranger Steve for more information about Michigan counts. Your help spotting butterflies is desired. Knowledge of butterflies is not required. 

We carpool to various sites in the 15-mile diameter designated count circle. You can have a good time discovering in the outdoors, learn species identification, habitat associations, behavior, and nature niche needs. Participate to your comfort level for part of the day or stay all day. 

Bring a bag lunch, plenty to drink, snacks, and dress with lightweight long sleeves and pants to protect from any biting insects or raspberry thorns. Some exploration is off trail when searching for butterflies. 

Mark calendar dates and meeting locations: 

June 29, 2019 (Sat) 9:00 AM Allegan Butterfly Count – Allegan Co. Leader: Ranger Steve (Mueller) Meet at the Allegan State Game Area, Fennville Farm Unit, 6013 118th Ave, Fennville odybrook@chartermi.net 

July 3, 2019 (Wed) 9:00 AM Rogue River Butterfly Count – Kent Co. Leader: Ranger Steve (Mueller) (Kent, Newaygo, Montcalm Counties) Meet at Howard Christensen Nature Center Welcome Center 16160 Red Pine Drive Kent City odybrook@chartermi.net 

July 5, 2019 (Fri) 9:00 AM Newaygo County Butterfly Count – Newaygo Co. Leader: Ranger Steve (Mueller) Meet at Leppink’s grocery parking lot at the corner of M 82 & M 37 in Newaygo. odybrook@chartermi.net 

July 18, 2019 (Thur) 9:00 AM Greater Muskegon Butterfly Ct – Muskegon Co. Leader: Dennis Dunlap. Meet on Mill Iron Road from M-46 (Apple Ave.) east of Muskegon at second set of power lines that cross the road north of MacArthur Road. dunlapmd@charter.net. Date changed from original posting.

Rain day alternates will be the next day. Sign up with Ranger Steve so unexpected changes can be shared. Note the date for the Muskegon count was changed from 17 July to 18 July. 

WMBA President contact info: 

Ranger Steve (Mueller) at odybrook@chartermi.net – Ody Brook Nature Sanctuary, 13010 Northland Dr. Cedar Springs, MI 49319 or call 616-696-1753. 

Natural history questions or topic suggestions can be directed to Ranger Steve (Mueller) at odybrook@chartermi.net – Ody Brook Nature Sanctuary, 13010 Northland Dr. Cedar Springs, MI 49319 or call 616-696-1753.

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Conservation officer pulls hypothermic woman from Pere Marquette River


Kyle Publiski

Michigan Department of Natural Resources Conservation Officer Kyle Publiski was the first emergency responder on the scene Saturday afternoon, assisting a 30-year-old woman whose kayak overturned while paddling the Pere Marquette River in Lake County, near the east border of Mason County. The woman, showing signs of hypothermia, had been stuck in the cold water for roughly 45 minutes.

Receiving the initial dispatch call Saturday at 2:27 p.m., Publiski was told that a stranded kayaker had overturned in the river and stated that she could not swim. The woman was kayaking with a friend, who was able to make it to shore.

“With the river’s water level being very high, swift currents and cold water temperatures made the situation more difficult,” said Publiski.

When Publiski arrived, he saw the woman clinging to a tree that had fallen into the river.

“She kept saying that she couldm’t swim and that she didn’t have a life jacket,” Publiski said. “She also said that she could not feel her hands or feet.”

Publiski created a lifeline by tossing a throw bag to the woman and instructing her to wrap the rope under her arms and around her torso.

A throw bag is a rescue device consisting of a bag with a rope inside of it. The rope extends out of the bag while one person holds onto one end of the rope and is pulled by a person from the opposite side.

Once the woman was able to grab the rope, Publiski threw her a life jacket, but she was able to get only one arm through it. During this time, U.S. Forest Service Law Enforcement Officer Doug Beringer and Lake County Sheriff’s Department Sgt. Brad Nixon and Deputy Craig Mayo arrived.

As the officers used the rope to pull the woman toward shore, she released her grip on the tree she had been holding onto. When the woman let go of the tree, the strong current pulled her downstream and she became entangled on a different log. Physically exhausted from being in the cold water for almost 45 minutes, the woman did not have the strength to climb over the log to allow the officers to continue pulling her toward them.

CO Publiski jumped in the fast-flowing water and was able to get the woman unstuck from the log and safely move her to shore.

“From the time that I arrived at the river to the time that we were able to get the woman safely to shore, it was about six to seven minutes total,” Publiski said.

Observing that the woman displayed extreme signs of hypothermia and was unable to walk, the first responders put the woman in an emergency Stokes basket and carried her about a quarter-mile, up a 5-foot embankment, where a Life EMS Ambulance was waiting. The woman was transported to Ludington Hospital to be treated for hypothermia.

“Conservation Officer Kyle Publiski made a quick decision to enter the river to help this woman, risking his own life to save her,” said Chief Gary Hagler, DNR Law Enforcement Division. “Conservation officers receive extensive water training and are prepared to respond to situations like this. I’m glad that Publiski and the other law enforcement agencies were able to help in what could have been a tragic situation.”

Publiski, a Michigan DNR conservation officer since 2004, patrols Mason County.

Lake County Sheriff’s Department, Carr Fire Department, Life EMS Ambulance and U.S. Forest Service personnel assisted in the effort.

The DNR issued a press release on Wednesday about high water levels, urging boaters and water enthusiasts to use caution when on the water.

Michigan conservation officers are fully commissioned state peace officers who provide natural resources protection, ensure recreational safety and protect citizens by providing general law enforcement duties and lifesaving operations in the communities they serve. Learn more at Michigan.gov/ConservationOfficers.

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Don’t worry, be happy

Ron Parker, of Courtland Township, sent us this cute photo of a squirrel eating a healthy treat. He looks happy! Thanks, Ron, for sending us your photo!

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Whip-poor-will’s Magic Song

By Ranger Steve Mueller

The repeating call of the Whip-poor-will throughout the night is a joy and disturbance. More than one friend has told me they could not sleep when camping because the bird was incessant and loud. One said it stood on his tent. Many people look forward to hearing it but it is an uncommon treat for most. 

One flushed from under a shrub at Ody Brook where I only got a glimpse. A couple days later, it flushed from the same area and landed facing the tree trunk on an oak branch. They sit lengthwise on branches unlike most birds that stand crosswise on branches. I called a friend that wanted to see one and he arrived later in the afternoon. We flushed it again and it flew to a white pine where it landed on the branch facing the trunk. 

We were pleased with good views. They usually sleep on the ground under shrubs during the day. I have encountered them on tree branches in daylight but perhaps they had been disturbed from sleeping abodes. 

Weather was great for migration the night I last saw the one at Ody Brook. It probably departed for better breeding grounds because it has not been seen or heard since. I seldom find the mysterious treasure or hear its hidden magic song emanating from the mature forest. During migration, they are usually silent in feeding and stopover sites. Hearing their call is a good indication they have reached a suitable nesting area.

At the Howard Christensen Nature Center (HCNC) and in the surrounding Rogue River State Game Area, there is better opportunity for hearing them. The preferred habitat nature niche is a large forest tract with scattered openings and sparse forest understory. Heavy shrub vegetation on the forest floor seems to be a deterrent. They feed on large insects that are possibly most abundant below the forest canopy or in forest ecotone edges. 

They have a short beak but a mouth when opened is as wide as the head and used to scoop flying insects from the air. Insect abundance has declined for many reasons and so have Eastern Whip-poor-wills. Their population might be increasing in some areas due to reforestation and associated insect abundance. Forests along Lake Michigan have recorded higher occurrence and that might be a result of large forest tracts with scattered open areas. The dune country often has an open understory with scattered clearings throughout the forest. 

Increasing use of insecticides and herbicides to meet the needs of our growing human population is considered a hazard that eliminates essential food needed for bird and wildlife survival. Reforestation and habitat management for hunting on public lands has been helpful for the whip-poor-wills. Their population might be increasing in some areas and declining in others. 

Consider an after-dusk drive to the Rogue River State Game Area and stop at one of the North Country Trail parking areas along Red Pine Drive between 18 and 20-Mile Roads, near the Rogue River, or HCNC. Extensive deciduous oak forest or mixed hardwood/pine forest are places to hear their call. Seeing them is not likely. 

A few years ago, I heard a stuttering individual in a mesic forest near a marsh where it repeatedly called whip-whip-whip-poor-will. I returned in succeeding years but have not heard that particular bird. 

Some year I might flush a parent from its two-egg nest. That will require time afield during late May to mid-June. The nests are reported to be on the ground under low shrub branches but are not next to the trunk. Unlike most birds, they do not use material to construct a nest. Eggs are laid on existing dead leaves with no bowl or cavity shaping. After about three weeks of incubation, young hatch and are fed by parents for three weeks until fledging. 

A well-camouflaged adult will sit tight on the nest as I walk past unless I come too close. Perhaps I have passed within feet while the secretive bird watches me obliviously wandering though the forest. Maybe my grandchild will discover a bird on the nest and alert me. Spend time with kids discovering. 

Natural history questions or topic suggestions can be directed to Ranger Steve (Mueller) at odybrook@chartermi.net – Ody Brook Nature Sanctuary, 13010 Northland Dr. Cedar Springs, MI 49319 or call 616-696-1753.

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First arrival

Ranger Steve’s Nature Niche

My lifetime’s journey of place for a book is Bryce Breaks and surrounding areas. The essays are meant to draw others to experiences for a place essential for their lives. The characters and supporting geology are meant to help people find the essence of a special place they call home so they might pass it unimpaired to the future generations.

The following introduction is a draft for a book I began planning 45 years ago but did not plan to write until retirement. Most of my writing efforts for area publications have focused on the Great Lakes Ecosystem but I should find time to complete the book I planned. 

The Colorado Plateau of Southern Utah is a place too sacred to stay and too compelling to leave. It is a place where soul, spirit, and body intertwine with intensity that melds the senses beyond conveyance of words. My escapade has joy, sorrow, love, hate, patience, anxiety, intrigue, defiance, peace, praise, noise, silence, solemn human emotion and logic contained in stories of time in a wonderous place surrounding Bryce Canyon.  

Mined from within Grand Staircase’s rock layers and sealed deep within for millions of years we gather knowledge to decipher with logic. Animal bloodlines and plant sap pumped through eons of animal and plant veins help us unravel mysteries of past and present. Emotion instills love for plateau canyons to share with species nature has not yet conceived. The future provides hope for us to temper with responsibility and pass on to all that follow. The past holds our track record for what we have maintained for coming generations. Will we preserve nature’s integrity for our children’s children of what nature bestowed upon us?

Our inheritance from eons of nature should guide a course to preserve ecosystems for more than just us. Instead we could take an irreverent ride that meanders aimlessly disrupting the integrity of place. My naturalist experiences open pathways to secrets of place and knowledge. They are meant to instill emotional love supported with science and reason. Emotional passion allows reason to succeed in preserving the future from myopic plunder. Reason by itself does not convince. Emotions without roots in experience are easily dismissed. Experiencing place is essential. Words are merely an attraction to superficial beauty and lack the essence of personality. Every place has depth of personality comprised by the stories of its natural inhabitants. Inhabitants of nature niches stitch the fabric of place into a cohesive entity that will unravel without ecosystem care. 

On first arrival I met a life’s destination and for 45 years since I have been enraptured in paradise. Anyone who has fallen in love knows that yesterday is fresh and recent regardless of how many tomorrows come and go. Yesterday’s true love stays fresh and does not recede.  

I first came with tender feet and stepped out of the van as a knowledgeable innocent, but I was still an inexperienced student. Prince’s Plume and Globe Mallow flowers were held high on plant stems floating in a background of deep blue sky over red sand that drew me to their side. The flowers had not been etched in my brain’s wrinkles. Neither was the sudden sensation that bare feet were not meant for this landscape. Tiny barbs scattered from cacti were a sensation transcribed into their own brain wrinkle. It took several patient minutes to extract minute cacti spines from the soles of my feet. 

My first excited encounter on the plateau taught me I needed to the learn beauty and hazards of this land on its terms. Reckless abandon was not the way to explore so shoes became part of my anatomy. Throughout the day it was necessary to remove missed jabbing spines from my feet. The brain wrinkle of flowers and cactus spines remains a vivid memory. Flowers and scattered cactus fragments are part of my first discovery for learning how to become a community member. 

Butterflies are essential for my life and the Becker’s White was a new encounter to complete my introduction to canyon country.

Natural history questions or topic suggestions can be directed to Ranger Steve at odybrook@chartermi.net – or call 616-696-1753.

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Enjoy free fishing, off-roading and state park entry during Michigan’s ‘Three Free’ weekend June 8-9


Fishing on Frenchman’s Lake, Chippewa County

Looking for a great reason to get outdoors? How about three. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources has brought back the popular “Three Free weekend”  this year it’s Saturday and Sunday, June 8 and 9, two full days when residents and out-of-state visitors can grab a fishing pole, ride the off-road trails and visit state parks, all free of charge.

“Michigan is home to some of the best outdoor recreation opportunities and most beautiful natural spaces you’ll find anywhere,” said DNR Director Dan Eichinger. “Whether you’re already an avid outdoors-person or someone just beginning to explore the outdoors, our “Three Free” weekend makes it easy to explore a new hobby, visit a new park or introduce friends to an outdoor experience you love.”

These two days include:

Free fishing. Twice a year (once in the summer, once in the winter), residents and nonresidents can enjoy Free Fishing Weekends and fish without a license, though all other fishing regulations do apply. To get more details or find a local event, visit Michigan.gov/FreeFishing.

Free state park entry. To encourage people to pursue free fishing and other outdoor fun within state parks, the DNR waives the regular Recreation Passport entry fee that grants vehicle access to Michigan’s 103 state parks. Add state park stops to your itinerary and enjoy special programming and events during this state parks centennial year. Learn more about the passport at Michigan.gov/RecreationPassport.

Riding ORV trails for free. During two Free ORV Weekends each year (the second one this year is set for Aug. 17-18), Michigan residents and nonresidents legally can ride DNR-designated routes and trails without purchasing an ORV license or trail permit. Visit Michigan.gov/ORVinfo for the latest ORV trail, safety and closure information.

Protect yourself and the outdoors

For the best outdoor experiences, the DNR urges everyone to put safety first when they’re enjoying Michigan’s woods, water and trails. Helpful safety tips for ORV, boating, beach, fire and other topics are available at Michigan.gov/DNREducation in the Safety Information section.

Additionally, many invasive plant and insect species continue to pose serious threats to Michigan’s natural landscape. When your day outdoors is done, take care to avoid giving invasive species a ride—clean mud, seeds and debris from vehicles, gear and clothing. Find out what other actions you can take to help prevent the spread of invasive species and protect the places you love at Michigan.gov/Invasives.

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Spring progression

Ranger Steve’s Nature Niche

By Ranger Steve Mueller

I entered into the evening sunset among the last whistles of birds before the calm of dusk darkened the day. A final glow of orange receded from the horizon under a blue gray cloud. Blue tint remained high in the sky lighted by jetting sun rays from below the curve of Earth that also lighted drifting cloud underbellies with a white glow.

Fresh green growth of spring leaves emerged muffling the superfluous noise from peoples’ distant activities as night settled and daily outside activities were completed. 

A day with friends took us through large patches of large flowered trilliums in the upland forest. Larger masses of nodding trilliums filled the lowland wet soil with many plants straying to higher ground where we saw their small white flowers hiding under three parted leaves. Unlike the large flowered trilliums that nearly tackled us with beauty, the nodding trilliums remain secretive hiding blooms under leaves from obvious view. 

Wood anemones showed their buttercup family flowers with stamens clustered around central pistils. Just below the floodplain ridge, three parted leaves subtended the white anemone flowers. A different buttercup splashed color on the lowland stream border with shiny wax laden yellow petal-like sepals of marsh marigolds. 

Inconspicuous jack-in-the-pulpits stood high and dry with their feet in wet mud. Its spathe wraps around a flower spike and a hood covers internal flowers. A slit down the front of the spathe allows it to be carefully opened and one can examine the inner flowers. The plant chooses from year to year whether to be a male or female but never both in one year. The choice of sex is determined by the amount of energy stored underground during the previous year.

As mid-season spring flowers begin dominating, early carpets of flowers that brightened the forest floor begin to wane. The spring beauties have white petals with pink lines that open in sun and close under clouds or shade. The emergence of leaves on trees and shrubs is a signal for spring beauties to end their growing season. Developing shade from surrounding plants announces it is time for spring beauties and trout lilies to senesce.

Spring beauties might look like pink flowers until one bends near to touch them with close vision. White petals have pink lines of varying widths that make them appear to have variable pink intensity from a distance. Trout lilies scattered in dense clumps have green leaves mottled with brown to reddish speckles that generate the name “trout” lily. Its yellow flowers are like small lanterns glowing on the forest floor.

During a few short weeks, both spring beauties and trout lilies photosynthesize on the bright forest floor where trees and shrubs have not produced shade with new leaf growth. By the time woody plants release leaves from winter’s tightly packed buds, the lilies and beauties begin completion of the year’s appearance. Spreading flower petals of spring beauties provide landing platforms and are pollinated by early flying spring azure butterflies. Small insects that enter trout lilies might fertilize them but most reproduction for the species is by the spread of stolons that sprout new plants. 

When shade darkens the forest floor, the leaves of beauties and trout lilies will have completed their year’s work of producing and storing energy and will soon decay. The plants disappear from view in June and will not reappear until April of next year. They sit quietly biding their time in the darkened underground like the birds whistling goodnight at sunset that will sleep quietly through the blackness of night. 

Birds, however, will not disappear into the dark until next spring. They resume song in the morning and embark on nest building among the new leaves to fill their nature niche requirements. Our ears continue to hear their joy, work, and energetic spirit throughout spring until most quiet by midsummer. Preserving wild experiences is essential for the human spirit to thrive and depends on us conserving life in wild places.

Natural history questions or topic suggestions can be directed to Ranger Steve (Mueller) at odybrook@chartermi.net – Ody Brook Nature Sanctuary, 13010 Northland Dr. Cedar Springs, MI 49319 or call 616-696-1753.

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DNR offers safety tips for National Safe Boating Week

With school almost over, the weather warming up and the upcoming Memorial Day weekend marking the unofficial start of summer, many will begin enjoying Michigan’s more than 11,000 inland lakes and over 36,000 miles of rivers and streams.

During National Safe Boating Week, May 18-24, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources reminds boaters to keep in mind safety measures, such as wearing a life jacket.

National Safe Boating Week is May 18-24. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources works closely with the U.S. Coast Guard and local law enforcement agencies to make sure people are safely enjoying the state’s waters. The DNR reminds boaters to keep these safety tips in mind before they float:

Wear a life jacket—accidents happen

In 2017, the U.S. Coast Guard reported that drowning was the cause of death in 76 percent of all boating accident fatalities. Last July, when two people were stranded in Lake Huron after falling off their personal watercraft, their life jackets kept them afloat in the rough water until a conservation officer arrived to help. Take the time now to learn more about Michigan’s life jacket rules.

Boat sober

Alcohol is the leading known contributing factor in fatal boating accidents.

Stay alert

Be aware of objects and other people—including stationed anglers, swimmers, boaters, kayakers and paddleboarders—in the water. Keep your eyes open for debris, such as commercial fishing nets, which sometimes break free and float at the surface of the water.

Check your boat before you float

In October, a man was rescued from Lake Gogebic after the steering on his boat became inoperable. He was able to call for help and wore his life jacket until a conservation officer arrived. Make sure your boat is in good operating condition and equipped with the appropriate life jackets, fire extinguisher and first aid equipment before heading onto the water.

Take a cellphone in a waterproof case or a marine radio

In March, a capsized kayaker on Lake Erie was rescued because he was able to call for help.

Know how to escape a current

Being aware of the Great Lakes swim risk levels and the beach warning flag system can help swimmers avoid dangerous currents. Understanding how to flip, float and follow while swimming can help in case you get stuck in a strong current.

Learn more on the boating safety information webpage at Michigan.gov/Boating.

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Squirrels of another color

We are pretty used to seeing the common red squirrel flitting around our yard. But Tim Dykstra, of the City of Cedar Springs, recently took some photos of squirrels of another color he found in his yard.

One of the photos shows what appears to be two black squirrels running around together—one of them with a red tail. The other photo shows a partially white or albino squirrel. Both are unusual sightings here in Cedar Springs. 

Thank you, Tim, for sending us your photos!

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Spring and Summer Azures

Ranger Steve’s Nature NicheBy Ranger Steve Mueller

An azure sky captivates us on clear sunny warm days. Tiny pieces of sky flit nearby as we tend the garden, walk the woods, and field edges. Notice the tiny blue wings carry the Spring Azure butterfly on what might seems like an aimless journey. 

Their multifaceted eyes capture color drawing them to other blue butterflies and to flowers where they feed on nectar. They are able to locate plants essential to feed their offspring. Dogwood and viburnums shrubs are important. Adults lay eggs on developing flowerheads where the eggs hatch to feed. 

Eggs are laid singly and scattered throughout the habitat on host plants. The adult blue is about size of a dime when wings are folded over its back. The underwing appears light gray with black spotting. When it opens it wings, the upper sky azure flashes blue beauty. Males are brighter blue than females. Notice the female has a wider dark band along wing’s edge. 

As June approaches, the spring azure become less abundant and summer azures emerge. Summer azures gray underwing spots are not dark or bold. Spring Azures have a more distinctive zig zag line along the hind wing border. The differences between the two species are minor and make it difficult to distinguish them apart. 

For decades the nearly identical butterflies were thought to be the same species with slightly differing appearing spring and summer forms. Many butterflies have variable spring and summer color forms that differ depending on temperature during development. It was discovered the “spring azure form” did not produce a summer form as a second brood. Instead it stayed in the chrysalis until the following spring. Scientists studying anatomy of wing scales discovered unique wing scale structures differed between the two species. 

Mysteries of inhabitants of our yards abound. We might expect there are just two species of the tiny blue azures but not so. There are additional azures including one in our area called the cherry gall azure. Biodiversity of species with specialized nature niches continue to demonstrate amazing adaptations. 

Beyond the azure complex, the Silvery Blue butterfly has more iridescent deep blue upper wings with tan underwings. Instead of scattered dark spots on the underwing, it has a single row of black spots circled with white that arc across the underside. The Silvery Blues like other blues have a short adult life of about one week. During that time, they seek legumes where they lay eggs. We only get to see these iridescent blues when adults are on the wing during a few weeks of the year. Males emerge first.

The Federally Endangered Karner Blue butterfly resides in our area and has a deep blue upper wing with an orange underwing band along wing’s edge that is absent on Silvery Blues, Spring and Summer Azures. Its larval host plant is restricted to one species—Wild Blue Lupine.

As summer solstice arrives, another blue butterfly appears. The Eastern Tailed Blue has a gray underwing with similar black dotted pattern like azures but bears a small orange patch and a tiny tail projecting from the hind wing. When viewed from above, tiny black dots appear along the hind edge of the wing near the tail. 

It might seem like few butterfly species share habitat with us but about 50 species live at Ody Brook and perhaps dozens share your residence. By encouraging native plants to thrive, you can enhance opportunities for butterfly biodiversity during a time when wildlife are having difficulty surviving. How we behave and promote healthy living conditions around our homes is critical to a healthy environment for life on Earth. 

Manicured lawns are a sight to behold but are sterile for supporting native butterflies struggling to survive where native host plants are excluded. Make the effort to support native plants and animals. Enjoy the beauty and life found in wild habitats by allowing native species to share your yard. Be a force helping wildlife.

Natural history questions or topic suggestions can be directed to Ranger Steve (Mueller) at odybrook@chartermi.net – Ody Brook Nature Sanctuary, 13010 Northland Dr. Cedar Springs, MI 49319 or call 616-696-1753.

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