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R-E-S-P-E-C-T And How To Show It

CTA kindergartners pose with their character goals that they will be focusing on in the coming year

CTA kindergartners pose with their character goals that they will be focusing on in the coming year

What an awesome start to the school year! In September, we learned about r espect and how we can show it throughout our school. The teachers had a wonderful time putting students in the spotlight who were showing respect in the hallways, lunchroom, classrooms, and/or on the playground. It is inspiring to see how these young Chargers have embraced the idea of showing respect.

Responsibility is our character trait focus for October. Mrs. Mattson has done a wonderful job of giving the Chargers a great example of someone who is res pectful and responsible!

In addition, our CTA community had the opportunity to participate in the National Character Day event; it was wonderful to spend time as a school on building our personal character! All students were taught about different character traits, and then they were asked to pick one they felt they could grow in this year. The students are excited to share their goals with their parents at student-led conferences the week of Oct. 17!

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Cedar Springs falls to FH Northern

A tough game between Cedar Springs and Forest Hills Northern ended in a heartbreaking loss for the Red Hawks. Photo by K. Alvesteffer/R. LaLone.

A tough game between Cedar Springs and Forest Hills Northern ended in a heartbreaking loss for the Red Hawks.
Photo by K. Alvesteffer/R. LaLone.

By Maddie Nichols, student reporter

The Cedar Springs Red Hawks took on a hard competitor, the Forest Hills Northern Huskies, this past Friday and ended the fight with a close loss, 36-29.

Hawks started off with a successful offensive drive, due to runs by senior Jacob Hooker, junior John Todd, and sophomore Ryan Ringler. The drive culminated in a touchdown by quarterback Nick Campione, with 7 minutes left of the first quarter, making the score 8-0 after a two point conversion.

Northern fought back and, despite big tackles by senior Jordan Ringler, Todd, and sophomores Lucas Pienton and Ryan Ringler, the Huskies scored a touchdown with 3 minutes remaining.

However, Cedar wasn’t going down without a fight; they pushed for another touchdown with a pass from Campione to senior Dylan Ostrom-Howell. The kick was good, and the score became 15-6. Tackles by juniors Riley Hawkins and Colton Gould, as well as Pienton and senior Thomas Hill, led the Hawks led the Red Hawks into the second quarter with a 15-6 lead.

Cedar came back with more momentum and Ostrom-Howell made a long run for another touchdown, with a little under 8 minutes left of the first half, advancing the lead to 21-6. Northern came back with a touchdown shortly after with a successful two-point conversion, making the game close, 21-14. Carries by Hooker, Campione and Ostrom-Howell get the Hawks close to a touchdown, but not quite into the end zone. Northern took advantage and made another touchdown in the last minute of the second quarter, tying the game 21-21.

Going into the third quarter, Jordan Ringler, Ryan Ringler, Hill, and seniors Dustin Shaw and Austin Basso held off the Huskies for a while, until they get a touchdown with 8 minutes left, leaving the Hawks behind, 21-28. Runs by Todd, Campione, and Hooker got Ryan Ringler into the endzone with 2 minutes remaining. The two-point conversion was good and Cedar had their lead back, 29-28.

The fourth quarter became a tough 12 minutes for both teams. Tackles by Ryan Ringler, junior Nate Patin, and senior Jaron Spencer kept the Huskies out of the endzone until halfway into the quarter. With a good two-point conversion from Northern, Cedar found themselves down 36-29. Carries by Ryan Ringler and Hooker got the Hawks to Northern’s 8-yard line, and a timeout was called. The pass from Campione to senior Nick Scott was intercepted in the end zone and shut the door on a Hawks win and another trip to the playoffs. Tackles by Jordan Ringler, Hill, Ryan Ringler, and Basso kept the score where it was and the game ended with a tough loss, 36-29.

The Red Hawks are now 2-2 in conference, and 3-4 overall.

The game against hard competition was a constant fight, but it was a night of great football. Cedar Springs travels to Forest Hills Central this Friday, October 15 to take on the Rangers (3-2 in conference, and 5-2 overall).

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Turn yard waste into gardener’s gold – compost

Gardener’s Supply Company Tumbler composters are great for small spaces and make loading, unloading and turning much easier. 

Photo courtesy of Gardener’s Supply Company
Tumbler composters are great for small spaces and make loading, unloading and turning much easier.

By Melinda Myers

Save time and money by turning landscape trimmings into a valuable soil amendment.

The idea is simple, just collect disease- and insect-free plant debris into a heap and let it decompose into a fine, nutrient rich material that helps improve the soil. Don’t add meat, dairy, invasive plants, weeds that have gone to seed or perennial weeds that can take root and grow in your compost pile.

Speed things up by layering yard waste with soil or compost, adding a bit of fertilizer to each layer and moistening to a consistency of a damp sponge. Further speed up the process by making the pile at least three-feet tall and wide.

Turn the pile as time allows, moving the more decomposed materials from the center to the outside of the pile. It’s a great work out and speeds up the decomposition. The more effort you put into composting the sooner you have rich organic matter for your garden.

Build the pile in a location that is convenient for adding raw materials and harvesting the finished compost. Consider placing the pile near a water source to make moistening the pile easier. Avoid poorly drained locations that may lead to the pile of compost becoming waterlogged. Soggy materials break down more slowly and may smell.  

Enclose the pile in a bin to keep the process neat and tidy. Purchase a compost bin or make your own from fencing, concrete reinforcement wire or old heat-treated pallets. 

Single bin wire composters are easy to assemble and move. Enclosed bins keep materials out of sight and neighbors or less enthusiastic family members happy. Look for bins of sturdy UV resistant materials, ventilation for efficient composting and designed for easy loading and unloading.

Tumbler composters are great for small spaces and make loading, unloading and turning much easier. The closed system also keeps out rodents, wildlife and pets. Add garden waste, keep it consistently moist and give it a turn. Continually adding fresh material slows the process, but you will still end up with good compost. Speed up decomposition with two tumblers. Fill one tumbler with plant waste and let it cook, while collecting fresh materials in the second. Not enough room for two? Try the Dual-Batch Compost Tumbler (gardeners.com), Compost Twin or other tumbler system with two individual bins mounted on one support. Further speed up results with an insulated unit like the Jorafoam Composter 125. The insulation ensures compost reaches higher temperatures for more efficient composting.

And don’t let cold temperatures or a lack of space stop you. Everyone can convert kitchen scraps into nutrient-rich compost with the help of red worms. Convert a plastic container filled with shredded paper into a home for the worms and place to recycle plant based food scraps. Or dress things up with a stylish bin like the green Worm Farm Composter and move the worms indoors for convenient recycling.

Add finished compost to your vegetable and annual gardens every spring to help build healthy soil and a productive and beautiful garden. Or spread a one-inch layer over the soil surface of perennials gardens every year or two to keep your flowers looking their best.

As you clear out the summer garden, put all that green debris to work. Convert it to rich compost for next year’s garden. Then enjoy the many benefits it will have on your landscape.

Melinda Myers has more than 30 years of horticulture experience and has written over 20 gardening books, including Small Space Gardening. She hosts The Great Courses “How to Grow Anything: Food Gardening For Everyone” DVD set and the nationally syndicated Melinda’s Garden Moment TV & radio segments. Myers is a columnist and contributing editor for Birds & Blooms magazine and was commissioned by Gardener’s Supply Company for her expertise to write this article. Myers’ web site is http://www.melindamyers.com/www.melindamyers.com.




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Comedy to open at the Kent Theatre

Cast names (in photo) are:  seated: RJ Moore, Anna Ambrose, Tom Johnson. Standing l-r: Rod Zamarron, Mark Stoll, Deb Irwin, Doug Christensen, Laura Johnson.

Cast names (in photo) are:  seated: RJ Moore, Anna Ambrose, Tom Johnson. Standing l-r: Rod Zamarron, Mark Stoll, Deb Irwin, Doug Christensen, Laura Johnson.

The comedy “The Foreigner,” by Larry Shue, will be presented by the Cedar Springs Community Players at the Kent Theatre on Oct 13, Oct 14, Oct. 15, 2016.  The show, directed by Sue Harrison, will start at 7:30 p.m. each night. The show was one of Jack Clark’s favorite shows and is being dedicated to him. Pre-sale tickets are available at the Cedar Springs Library or from any cast member for $10. Tickets at the door are $12 for adults and $8 for students under 18.

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Sun shines on Red Flannel 2016


The 2016 Red Flannel Queen Mumina Ciise (top) and court members Madison Case (center) and Kaley Louck (bottom). Photo courtesy of Tim Hindenach.

The 2016 Red Flannel Queen Mumina Ciise (top) and court members Madison Case (center) and Kaley Louck (bottom). Photo courtesy of Tim Hindenach.

What started out as a rainy, gloomy, Red Flannel Festival on Friday evening turned into a beautiful Red Flannel Day Saturday.

It was sprinkling during the Firefighter’s parade Friday evening, and rained Friday night and early Saturday morning. But the weather cleared by noon and people came out in droves to climb aboard the Red Flannel Express and experience what Red Flannel Day 2016 had to offer.

People partied into the evening, as there were several options for live music and adult beverages to keep people in town for the evening, including the Red Flannel Festival’s Grand Lodge, the Cedar Springs Brewing Company’s Festival tent, the American Legion, and other local pubs/taverns.

A big thanks to Tim Hindenach for the photo of the Red Flannel Queen, and Randy Tate for the photo of the crowd on the street.

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Soccer teams raise funds for teen with cancer

Brison being pushed out on to the field during the event. Photo by K. Alvesteffer/R. LaLone.

Brison being pushed out on to the field during the event. Photo by K. Alvesteffer/R. LaLone.

Brison Ricker smiles as he sees his teammates lined up holding signs that spell out Rickerstrong#one at Tuesday’s fundraising game between Greenville and Cedar Springs. Photo by K. Alvesteffer/R. LaLone.

Brison Ricker smiles as he sees his teammates lined up holding signs that spell out Rickerstrong#one at Tuesday’s fundraising game between Greenville and Cedar Springs. Photo by K. Alvesteffer/R. LaLone.

By Judy Reed

The Cedar Springs and Greenville Varsity Soccer teams might be rivals on the field, but they were teammates for a cause Tuesday evening, October 4, as they raised money for medical treatment for Cedar Springs teen Brison Ricker, who suffers from DIPG, an inoperable brain tumor.

At this time last year, Brison was a freshman playing for the Varsity Red Hawks, and was voted offensive player of the year. He was diagnosed in January with the tumor.

“It was an amazing night and I’m so glad Brison was feeling well enough for our family to be there,” said Brison’s mom, Kim Ricker. “It was incredible how many people came out to support Brison, the stands were full of people and love. We are so grateful to everyone who took time out of their busy schedules to be there, and extra grateful for all the people who volunteered and worked hard to make it such a successful night.”

It was the annual youth soccer night, combined with the fundraising event, so it was nicknamed the #Rickerstrong Game. “The high school soccer parents, along with help from the Student Leadership Council and the Athletic Leadership Council, promoted the event to try to bring in a record crowd and student section to cheer on the boys in their game against Greenville High School,” explained parent Barb Dreyer. “We chose this game to have this event because Brison Ricker played soccer with several of the boys from the Greenville team so it meant a lot to them to be able to help raise money for the family also.”

“We sold T-shirts, cotton candy, glow necklaces, balloons and had a huge auction to help raise money for the family,” explained Dreyer. Greenville and Cedar Springs teams had a pop can drive challenge to see who could bring in the most cans. “Although Greenville brought in a ton of cans, Cedar Springs won because this community is just amazing!” remarked Dreyer. “People who didn’t even go to the game dropped off their cans at the high school anyway. We had to bring in a second trailer to collect them all.”

Both communities helped bring in donations and worked together to raise $4748.20 for the Ricker’s accumulating medical bills, which doesn’t include all the cans. “We also collected an astronomical number of cans that we will return soon to add to that total,” said Dreyer. She said she thinks it could be at least another $1,000.

Brison’s medical bills for treatment are around $17,000 per month. Conventional treatments were not working, and his doctor felt there was nothing more they could do, so the Rickers sought out an alternative treatment for Brison, and he has seen improvement on the protocol.

Dreyer said Coach Kyle Avink gave a touching speech after the national anthem on how cancer has affected every person in some way these days, that we all know someone who has battled, is currently fighting or lost their battle with cancer. Then after a moment of silence they had a balloon release in Brison’s honor.

It was evident that Brison enjoyed the night. When the team lined up on the field with each holding a letter spelling out Rickerstrong #one, a big smile spread across his face.

“I have not seen Brison smile so much in a long time!” remarked Kim. “He was so proud of how hard his team played and that they took home a win. He was especially excited for his best friend Derek Egan who took home the rickerstrong boots last night. He left it all on the field and earned them, well deserved!”

Kim said that Brison will have another MRI next week to see how well the treatment is working. She said that they also now have a couple of doctors helping with wound care. The steroids that he was taking tore his skin apart.

“These wounds are still so painful and are the only thing holding him back right now from pushing hard like he so badly wants to, to gain his strength and mobility back,” explained Kim. “Once these are healed we have no doubt he will be out of his wheelchair and walking in no time! He can’t wait to run down a soccer field again!”

If you’d like to help Brison heal and return to the soccer field, there are several opportunities coming up to do so. The next can drive held by Team Brison will be Monday, October 10, at Meijer in Cedar Springs. They are usually in the early evening. See the Team Brison Facebook page for details. Also, next Saturday, October 15, is a big event at Skinner Field from noon to 5 p.m.—a music festival with food, fun and games to help raise funds for Brison. See page 2 for details, or check out the Team Brison facebook page. You can also make a direct donation by visiting Brison’s gofundme page at https://www.gofundme.com/brisonricker.

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The Post travels to Mackinac Island State Park


The Post traveled to Mackinac Island State Park with the Allen family in celebration of Doug and Char Allen’s 40th wedding anniversary, August 14, 2016. The family’s three children—Ben and Kate Allen, Ashley and Nick Kessler, and Amber and Adam Hill—joined in the celebration. The couple’s four grandchildren—Lilly, Aubrey, Haydin, and Oliver—also got to have fun with grandma and grandpa. And the Post rode on the horse and carriage with the whole family!

It sounds like you all had a great time! Thanks so much for taking us with you!

Are you going on vacation? Take the Post with you and snap some photos. Then send them to us with some info to news@cedarspringspost.com or mail them to Post travels, PO Box 370, Cedar Springs, MI 49319. We will be looking for yours!

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Music Festival, Games, and Family Fun For Team Brison


Saturday, October 15

Would you like to have some great family fun and contribute to a good cause at the same time? Come on out to Skinner Field at Morley Park on Saturday, October 15, from noon to 5 p.m., for the Music Festival, Games and Family Fun event put on by Team Brison, to help raise funds for local teen Brison Ricker, who is suffering from a brain tumor.

This event will have a dunk tank for the kids who attend to dunk some of their favorite (or not so favorite) teachers and faculty (if the weather is warm enough). There will be live musical performances by the band Mane Street, Four Soldiers, The Larson Brothers, and others. The Grilling Company is donating Barbeque with sides (asking donations to Team Brison for the meal). Drinks and concessions will be sold at the Skinner Field Concession stand. Team Ensley will have a hot air balloon there for people to get into and check out. En Gedi will have bubble balls for bubble soccer from 12 to 3 p.m. There will be a cake walk, raffle items, auction items (Deer Mount, Carbon Fiber Arrows, Ice Fishing Pole, Michigan State tickets, and more), vendors, face painting, three legged race, and more.

Tickets are $5.00 if you purchase them ahead of time at eventbrite.com or $10 at the gate. To buy them ahead of the event visit:


Brison Ricker is living with a rare and often deadly childhood brain tumor called Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine glioma (DIPG). With the help of medical professionals and advancements in medicine, he is battling his way through but needs more treatments.
The friends of Skinner Field have donated the use of their facilities for Team Brison to host a fundraiser for Brison and his family to help with medical costs.
They can use a few more volunteers to help make this fundraiser event a success. If you would like to help out please call Perry at 616-439-0890.
If you would like to be a vendor at the event please contact Amanda at 616-240-3174.

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Ocotober School News

csps-spiritwear1Fall 2016 Athletics Spirit Themes

All attending are encouraged to participate

October 7 – Pink Game Football vs FHN

October 14 – Red Out Football vs FHC

October 20 – Black Out Volleyball vs FHE

csps-spiritwear2October 21 – 80s Night Football vs Ottawa  Hills

November 4 – Gray Day Band During the School Day

Come out and support Red Hawk Athletics.

Follow on Twitter @Cedar_Athletics

Board of Education

Board of Education Work Session – 09-26-16

Topic:  Strategic Planning

csps-strategic-planning-work-session-092616Next Board of Education Meeting October 10, 2016

Hilltop Community Building, Board Room – 3rd Floor, 6:45 PM

Board meeting notices, agendas and minutes are available at www.csredhawks.org/District/Board-of-Education/index.html.  Community members are always welcome to attend the Board of Education meetings.  A Board meeting is a meeting of the Board held in public, not a public meeting.

The Office of Communication aims to keep the community informed and engaged while promoting the mission, achievements, and challenges of Cedar Springs Public Schools.  We welcome feedback and invite you to attend public Board Meetings to also help you stay informed.  You are welcome to call the District Office at 616-696-1204 or email newsletter@csredhawks.org.

The Office of Communication is responsible for crafting and disseminating all District-level communications, including:  District programs and initiatives, District school calendar, Board meetings and activities.   The Office of Communication shares information through several channels, including:  District website, School websites, Facebook, Red Hawk Review eNewsletter, Backpack eFlyers.

Would you like to receive the latest District eNewsletter in your Inbox?

Email:  newsletter@csredhawks.org

The monthly eNewsletter is designed to keep you informed of the exciting progress of our students and district. And, a great source of important dates and information about the many programs and events that go on throughout the year. Integral to success in schools these days is the support of the community. With that in mind, we invite you to connect with our schools during the school year by coming to our events and visiting our website.

Each year, numerous community organizations submit flyers, announcements and promotional literature to Cedar Springs Public Schools with requests to send them home to our families. Backpack eFlyers is a paperless means of distributing flyers, newsletters and other important notices that your child would normally bring home in their backpacks.

For a complete list of approved Backpack eFlyers, please visit www.csredhawks.org/Communications/Backpack-eFlyers/index.html

csps-partinggift-library1Students Build Parting Gift: A Library

Lily and Chloe (far right) built the library this summer with fellow students, including (from left) Madeline VanSinger, Madison Layne and Alexandria Vanderhyde

Lily and Chloe (far right) built the library this summer with fellow students, including (from left) Madeline VanSinger, Madison Layne and Alexandria Vanderhyde

by Charles Honey, SNN Reporter 


Now that they’ve built it, they hope people will come.  A new Little Free Library stands near Red Hawk Elementary school, thanks to the efforts of two former students there who love reading so much they wanted to share the love.

Incoming seventh-graders Chloe Grifhorst and Lily Howland received a grant last spring from the Cedar Springs Education Foundation to build a Little Free Library somewhere on the campus of Cedar Springs Public Schools. The pair sought the $250 award so that students and adults would have access to free books and a place to donate them as well.

After putting together a committee of students to research, plan and design the library, Chloe and Lily held a “build-a-thon” with other students in June at Lily’s house. Lily’s father, Alan, helped with the construction and made sure the young woodworkers were safe. The four-shelf turquoise structure now sits prettily between Red Hawk’s front door and the playground.

The girls have two boxes of extra children’s books with which to restock the shelves, and $100 left from the grant they plan to spend on more at Bay Leaf Books in Newaygo.

In an email, Superintendent Laura VanDuyn congratulated the girls on a “beautiful idea, planning, leadership and outcome.” Added Jo Spry, Assistant Superintendent of Teaching and Learning, “This is something that these young ladies can be very proud of and will be of benefit to readers in our community.”

Madison Skelonc

Madison Skelonc


Congratulations Madison Skelonc, 8th grade student at Cedar Springs Middle School, has been invited to the HATS OFF Award Ceremony for being one of the top-scoring 7th grade students in Michigan who took the SAT test or ACT test.  The testing was part of the Northwestern University Midwest Academic Talent Search (NUMATS).  We salute Madison on her achievement!

Members of the NUMATS Advisory Board will recognize Madison and about 300 distinguished middle school students for outstanding accomplishments in the 18th annual HATS OFF recognition ceremony for High Achieving Talented Students (HATS).  The award ceremony will take place on October 22, 2016.

csps-math-parent-university-tableMath In Focus Parent University 

September 27, 2016 – During this informational event, parents discovered why Singapore Math is so successful & Math in Focus teaches students to go from the concrete to the pictorial to the abstract.  Parents also learned strategies that can be used at home and what is available online.

There will be another Math In Focus event planned for January 2017.  Watch for the information once the event details have been determined.

csps-math-pd-092916-rhrOur New Elementary Math Curriculum – Math In Focus

Math In Focus professional development for grades K-5 teachers was held the week of September 26, 2016.  This training was coordinated by the Teaching and Learning Department at the District Office.

2016 CSPS Fall Parent Teacher Conferences

Mon, 10/17: Cedar View 3:45 – 7:15

Red Hawk 4:00 – 7:00

Tue, 10/18: Middle School 4:00 – 7:00

Beach 3:45 – 7:15

Wed, 10/19: Red Hawk 3:00 – 6:00

Cedar View 3:45 – 7:15

New Beginnings 3:30 – 6:15

Thurs, 10/20: Beach 3:45 – 7:15

Middle School 4:00 – 7:00

Mon, 10/24: Cedar Trails 4:00 – 7:00

Wed, 10/26: Cedar Trails 4:00 – 7:00

Tue, 11/1: High School 5:00 – 7:30

Wed, 11/2: High School 3:00 – 5:30

September 2016 Student Athletes of the Month 

Cayla Lange

Cayla Lange

Jacob Outwin

Jacob Outwin

Myla Umphrey

Myla Umphrey

Sophomore Cayla Lange has been named Student Athlete of the Month for Sideline Cheer.

Junior Jacob Outwin has been named Student Athlete of the Month for Boys Soccer.

Junior Myla Umphrey has been named Student Athlete of the Month for Girls Cross Country.

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Michigan rattlesnake listed as threatened 

Eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Photos by: Dan Kennedy

Eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Photos by: Dan Kennedy

Eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Photos by: Dan Kennedy

Eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Photos by: Dan Kennedy

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced last week that it has listed the eastern massasauga rattlesnake as a threatened species under the federal Endangered Species Act, stating that nearly 40 percent of the snake’s historical populations are now extirpated (no longer exist) and an additional 15 percent is of uncertain status.

The final rule listing the eastern massasauga appears in the Sept. 30, 2016, Federal Register and has an effective date of Oct. 31, 2016.

Under the Endangered Species Act, threatened species are considered plants and animals that may become endangered in the foreseeable future. Across the eastern massasauga rattlesnake’s range, nearly 40 percent of the species’ population has declined. Habitat loss is considered the primary threat driving the snakes’ decline; however, as their numbers decline, other threats such as direct mortality or collection play a more significant role.

Eastern massasaugas currently are found in scattered locations in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Ontario, Canada. In Michigan, the eastern massasauga (the state’s only venomous snake) currently is state-listed as a species of special concern, but will be protected under Michigan’s Endangered Species Protection law once it is federally listed.

Most massasaugas are located within the southern portion of Michigan, with none occurring on the Upper Peninsula’s mainland.

“Conservation of this rare snake is critical because it plays an important role as a predator of small mammals,” said Dan Kennedy, Michigan Department of Natural Resources endangered species specialist. “The DNR is currently working with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and many other partners to develop a reasonable approach to conserve this rare snake in Michigan.”

These snakes live in wet prairies, marshes and low-lying areas along rivers and lakes, and may also live in uplands during part of the year. They often hibernate in crayfish burrows, but they also may be found under logs and tree roots or in small mammal burrows.

Those who live in areas with massasaugas can take steps to keep the snakes away from their yard, such as keeping their grass cut short and removing structures like leaf and brush piles, dead logs and stacks of firewood that snakes or their prey (primarily small rodents) might use.

Kennedy emphasized that “human safety comes first, and the federal Endangered Species Act allows anyone to take action to protect yourself or others if you feel threatened.”

The massasauga is a small snake with a thick body, heart-shaped head and vertical pupils. The average length of an adult is about 2 feet. The snake’s tail has several dark brown rings and is tipped by gray-yellow rattles. They eat small rodents such as mice and voles, and will sometimes eat frogs and other snakes. They are docile, secretive snakes that will try to escape rather than defend themselves or fight. For more information on this snake and many others, see the “60-Second Snakes” video series on the DNR’s YouTube channel atwww.youtube.com/michigandnr.

For more information about the eastern massasauga and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s final rule to list the snake under the Endangered Species Act, visitwww.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/reptiles/eama.

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