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Archive | December, 2012

One thing we can agree on about government

By Lee Hamilton

By Lee Hamilton

We are locked in a seemingly permanent debate over the proper size and scope of government. It was a centerpiece of the recent presidential campaign. It features heavily in the ongoing maneuvering over the “fiscal cliff” and the upcoming vote on raising the debt ceiling. And it surfaces regularly in the speeches and comments of politicians and opinion leaders who either take the government to task for growing too large or argue that it needs to play an even more active role than it does now.

I don’t expect this argument to end anytime soon — after all, it’s been a feature of political life for as long as any of us can remember. But no matter how we view the role of government, there’s one thing most of us do agree on: whatever government does, it should do it well.

Recently, I read a compelling speech by a prominent corporate CEO who criticized the federal government for creating an environment of uncertainty and stifling the engines of market growth — and then went on to lay out plans for economic renewal that all involved the government: a revamped education policy, more investment in infrastructure and in basic research, changes to the tax code to reward innovation. His speech underscores a basic truth about American life: we can argue about the fine points of its reach, but the importance of government’s role in our lives is inescapable.

This does not mean that government is the answer to everything — far from it. Nor, however, does the anti-government rhetoric that so often marks our politics show much sign of being rooted in reality. When we want to build roads and bridges, operate schools and keep our cities safe, create conditions under which businesses can thrive, respond to natural disasters or attacks on our security, we turn to government at some level. And we expect the people who run it — the leaders as well as those on the front lines — to be good at what they do.

As Alexander Hamilton put it, “A government ill-executed, whatever may be the theory, in practice is poor government.” You don’t want second-rate scientists doing cancer research, second-rate lawyers negotiating arms control treaties, second-rate bureaucrats helping your community recover from a hurricane or flooding, second-rate inspectors making sure your hamburger is free from e. coli, or second-rate air traffic controllers guiding your plane through crowded airspace. None of us wants to live with a government that is incompetent in the exercise of its important functions.

For this reason, Americans are not as anti-government in practice as their “get government off our backs” rhetoric would often suggest. We turn again and again to government to solve the problems we complain about. And however easy it might be to rail against Washington or against “big government,” it’s the institutions of government you turn to when you need them.

Constructive criticism of Congress is always appropriate, but the anti-government language that so often gets bandied about creates distrust of the very institutions we rely on to meet the challenges and solve the problems that confront us as a nation. I sometimes find myself wondering how far we can erode confidence in our officials and our government and still have a country that works.

Whatever the particular policies of a given administration, whatever programs are enacted by the Congress, the American public is entitled to have those policies and programs administered effectively, efficiently and competently. This cannot be done without skillful civil servants and a steady stream of talented people who are attracted to public service.

My sense is that the public is demanding more from government, not in size, but in performance. Americans want government to work better for less, and the only way to achieve this is for government to become more effective and productive in dealing with the challenges before us.

Lee Hamilton is Director of the Center on Congress at Indiana University. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for 34 years.

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God’s desire is for you!

“I am my beloved’s, and his desire is for me” Song of Solomon 7:10 (nasb).

My life was filled with busyness leading into the Christmas season. So busy that the meaning and purpose of life, let alone Christmas, was being lost! Life requires us to give so much throughout the year, and the thought of spending more time, energy and money for another brief season in time was overwhelming. I was so overwhelmed, that I just wanted to rebel from the whole Christmas and giving thing this year. I thought, maybe I can just take a year off! I know these are not the greatest thoughts for a father, husband, employee and pastor to have, but they were mine none-the-less.

Then I read Brennan Manning’s book, “The furious longing of God.” I was reminded of some simple truths that were a gift to me and set my heart free to enjoy life and Christmas again this year. I hope they are a gift to you as well.

First, God is crazy in love with you! He not only loves you, he likes you, too! We focus so much on ourselves and our own shortcomings, that we forget this. Many people acknowledge God loves them, but live their lives as if He does not like them! The Song of Solomon 7:10 reads, “I am my beloved’s, and his desire is for me.” The book of the Song of Solomon is an amazing book about God’s love for you and me. This verse says His “desire” is for you! Meaning he likes you a lot and wants to spend every moment of His day with you. He is concerned about everything that concerns you! God spends all his time and energy on seeing that you and I understand, believe and receive this love. I encourage you to spend the next few weeks quoting this verse to yourself. Make this verse your life’s motto! “I am my beloved’s and his desire is for ME!” If we truly believe and receive it, it will change our lives.

Second, life is just as much about receiving, as it is about giving. I have been taught, as a Christian, this life is not about me. That is true. So, I have spent all my Christian life giving to the needs of others. I have taught my children and my church this valuable truth. Yet God has made His focus all about us! My greatest challenge has been to receive it. I love giving to others and encouraging them to receive what God has for them. But, I am not very good at receiving it myself. God has reminded me that if I fail to receive, then I have very little to give. Christmas, God sending His son into the world as our Saviour, is more about receiving than giving. John 1:12 states, “But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God…”(KJV). For if we fail to receive Him, we miss the purpose of the gift. Learn to receive from God. God is in a giving mood all the time. Try to be a better receiver. Commit to God and others that you will learn to receive from Him all he has for you!

Pastor Craig Carter

North Kent Community Church

1480 Indian Lakes Rd. N.E.

Sparta, MI 49345

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Thank You!

I would like to thank all my friends and family who came to help me celebrate my 90th birthday. I had a nice time. Thank you for all the nice cards and gifts. Also to all my family for the nice lunch they put on for us, including the beautiful came my granddaughter made for me. Thanks a lot.


Stella White

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Muriel Edna (Scott) Casterline, 88 of Sand Lake, went to be with her Lord peacefully at her home on Saturday, December 22, 2012. Mrs. Casterline was born June 27, 1924 in Grand Rapids, MI the daughter of William and Ida (Root) Scott. She was a 1944 graduate of Creston High School and during the war had worked at Berkey & Gay making gas tanks for B-29 bombers. After the war the family moved to the Sand Lake area and she worked at Wolverine Glove Factory in Howard City. At that time she met Sherwood Casterline and they were married on March 11, 1949. They lived in the same house all their married life and raised their three children there. She loved cooking, canning, gardening, sewing and all kinds of crafts including flower arranging. She was a faithful member of Ensley Baptist Church, where she took on the ministry of sending cards for birthdays, anniversaries, and condolences. Surviving are her children, Allan Casterline of Pierson, Arlene (Tom) Culver of Howard City; son-in-law, Ron Kelley of Gladstone, MI; grandchildren, Scott (Melissa) Culver, Stacey (Kevin) Sage all of Howard City; great grandchildren, Ethan and Alex Culver, Oliver Sage. She was preceded in death by her loving husband, Sherwood in 2009; her parents; an infant son, Arden; daughter, Ardith Kelley; sisters, Ruth Scott, Martha (Gordon) Blossom. The family received friends Thursday from 2-4 and 6-8 pm at the Bliss-Witters & Pike Funeral Home, Cedar Springs. The funeral service will take place Friday 11:00 am at Ensley Baptist Church. Pastors Bert Boes and Timothy Decker officiating. Interment Crandall Cemetery, Ensley Township. Memorial contributions may be made to Neurofibromatosis Michigan, P.O. Box 6026, Grand Rapids, MI 49516 or Ensley Baptist Church, 7077 120th, Sand Lake, MI 49343.

Arrangements by Bliss-Witters & Pike Funeral Home, Cedar Springs

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Maurice H. Murray

Mr. Maurice H. Murray, age 96, of Avon Park, Florida and formerly of Cedar Springs, went home to be with his Lord and Savior on Monday, December 24, 2012, while in Sarasota, Florida. He grew up in the Bailey area where his father farmed and was a meat cutter. After attending school, Maurice would help on the farm. He was honored to have served his country in the US Navy. Maurice attended the Church of Christ in Bailey. His family loved living on a farm; and his children have many special memories of being pulled by the sled on the farm. For many years, he was a part-owner of Murray Lumber Company in Grant. He and Jane had attended First Baptist Church of Cedar Springs. Maurice is survived by his wife, Jane; children, Janice and Bill Follett, Hope and Joe Austin, Leora and Mike McCartin, Diane and Mike Nieman, and Maurice Murray, Jr; step-children, Gary Shears, William and Linda Shears, Karen and Bob Gebhart, Mrs. Chris Shears; many grandchildren and great-grandchildren; brother, Ronald and Doris Murray; sister, Ellen Tibbe; and nieces and nephews. Maurice was preceded in death by his first wife, Leola Murray, daughter, Nancy Gleason, step-daughter, Judy Brugel, and Joan, and step-son, Brian Brugel. The Service of Praise and Thanksgiving for the gift of everlasting life through Jesus Christ for Mr. Murray will be Sunday at 4:00 p.m. at First Baptist Church of Cedar Springs, 233 S. Main St., Cedar Springs, MI with Pastor Jim Howard officiating. Military honors will be under the auspices of the Kent County Veterans Honor Guard. Interment will be made in Maple Grove Cemetery in Fremont. Those planning an expression of sympathy are asked to consider First Baptist Church of Cedar Springs. Relatives and friends may meet with the family at the church on Sunday from 3:00 to 3:45 p.m. before the service.

Arrangements by Pederson Funeral Home, Rockford


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Evelyn Bursma

52-C-Bursma,-EvelynMrs. Evelyn Bursma, age 98, of Cedar Springs, went home to be with her Lord and Savior, on Sunday, December 23, 2012. She was born in Coopersville, Michigan, where her parents, Leonard and Georgia (Nee Granger) VanderVelde raised cattle, chickens, and crops to support them. When school was out for the day, she needed to come straight home and had many chores to do. After she was married, she became homemaker, wife and eventually a mother to four children. Mrs. Bursma was raised in a Christ-centered home and on Sunday and other special days they would travel by horse and buggy to get to church or other events. One can only imagine the changes that Mrs. Bursma witnessed during her lifetime. The Great Depression, invention of the automobile, World Wars, impeachment of a President, man landing on the moon, and terrorist attacks on our nation. She also watched her own children grow and become adults, marry and have children, and even becoming a great grandmother.  She taught her children about embroidering, cooking, parenting and a great faith life by her example. In recent years before her eyesight failed she would cross stitch, work crossword puzzles, and play a good game of bingo. Mrs. Bursma is survived by her children, Edward L. Bursma, Betty Jean Bursma, Elaine June and Ron Schofield, Ron and Beverly Bursma; 9 grandchildren; numerous great-grandchildren; and nieces and nephews. She was preceded in death by her husband, John Bursma on October 27, 1999, her brother, George VanderVelde, and sisters, Marian Brown, and Lillian Buist. The service in celebrating her faith life and physical life for Mrs. Bursma will be Friday at 11:00 a.m. at the Pederson Funeral Home with Pastor Rick Tigchon officiating. Interment in Washington Park Cemetery. Those planning an expression of sympathy are asked to consider Sanctuary at Saint Mary’s, 1050 Four Mile Road NW Grand Rapids, MI 49544. Relatives and friends may meet with the family at the funeral home on Thursday from 6 to 8 p.m.

Arrangements by Pederson Funeral Home, Rockford


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Get Out!

Ronnie McBrayer

By Ronnie McBrayer

Churches are peculiar places. I’ve had the opportunity to serve a few of them. And here is one of the many things that make churches peculiar: the most heated arguments in the church were not over our location or theology or future plans. No, the worst controversies I ever endured were over our style of worship.

Should we use hymnals or modern worship music? Should drums be allowed in the sanctuary? Is it blasphemy to move the pulpit to accommodate the children’s choir? What would happen if someone clapped or raised their hands during the solo? These are the questions that send the ulcerated pastor scurrying to his or her gastrologist.

Which style of worship is “right?” I don’t presume to know. Our form of worship will always be dictated by our traditions, culture, and context. A look at how Christians from other countries and times worship proves this point. “Which worship style is right” is, after all, the wrong question. The better questions are, “Does our worship push us out of our church sanctuaries (or wherever it is we meet) to be Christ to the world? What happens when the worship service is over?”

If our worship moves us past ourselves to the risen and redeeming Christ sent to love the world, then the worship is “right.” If our worship sends us into the community as the Father sent his own Son, then it is empowered with spirit and truth. But if our worship focuses us, on ourselves, then it is selfishness at best and sacrilege at worst. It isn’t worship at all.

The final words of the old Latin mass were, Ite missa est—loosely, “Get out!” The priests who daily invoked those words over their congregations understood worship’s purpose. When the last song is sung, the last prayer offered, and the last homily delivered, the goal of all worship is to redemptively and missionally leave the sanctuary in service to others.

So, take your pick: Sermons or liturgy; southern gospel or rock and roll; drums or pipe organs; corporate prayer or contemplation; kneeling benches or mosh pits. But if these things do not translate into loving action in the community, if these things do not force us out of the building and out to others, we aren’t being worshipful at all. Do our worship styles matter? Sure they do. But what happens afterwards matters all the more.

Ronnie McBrayer is a syndicated columnist, speaker, and author of multiple books. You can read more and receive regular e-columns in your inbox at www.ronniemcbrayer.me.


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Expanding opportunities for southern Michigan hunters

Hunters will see new signs like these posted on properties that participate in the Department of Natural Resources’ Hunting Access Program. HAP provides greater access to hunting opportunities on private land, especially in southern Michigan. Photo by Michigan DNR.

Hunters will see new signs like these posted on properties that participate in the Department of Natural Resources’ Hunting Access Program. HAP provides greater access to hunting opportunities on private land, especially in southern Michigan. Photo by Michigan DNR.

Michigan’s Hunting Access Program (HAP)—a long-time Department of Natural Resources offering that provides hunters with more places to hunt—had been slipping into oblivion in recent years, but seems to have found a new lease on life. In fact, the latest news is pretty encouraging.

HAP, which began in the late 1970s as a way to give hunters access to private property in southern Michigan, at one time boasted more than 790 farms totaling 188,000 acres. In 2011, HAP included just 45 farms offering some 7,400 acres.

A year later, however, after the DNR decided to reinvigorate the program, HAP includes more than 150 farms that encompass 17,032-plus acres—and all of it accessible to Michigan hunters.

“I could hardly keep up with it,” said Mike Parker, a DNR wildlife biologist who works in the private lands program and oversees HAP. “I was overwhelmed, but it was also a really good problem to have.”

Returning from a successful hunt on a participating mid-Michigan Hunting Access Program farm. Note the yellow “Safety Zone” sign in the background, clearly depicting the boundary of the HAP hunting area. Photo by Michigan DNR.

Returning from a successful hunt on a participating mid-Michigan Hunting Access Program farm. Note the yellow “Safety Zone” sign in the background, clearly depicting the boundary of the HAP hunting area. Photo by Michigan DNR.

HAP began in 1977 when Michigan United Conservation Clubs lobbied the Legislature to create a “public access to private land” program. The Legislature responded by passing a law that required every hunter who lived in southern Michigan to purchase a Public Access Stamp, with the money earmarked to lease private farmland for hunters.

Although the Legislature soon changed the program—dropping the stamp requirement and funding it, instead, with a portion of the money raised from the sale of hunting licenses to southern Michigan hunters—the concept took off, peaking in 1982. But it soon went into long-term decline as the idea of leasing land caught on with the hunting public and hunters were often willing to “outbid” the DNR for access rights.

The program rocked along, losing ground, as hunter numbers decreased. Former DNR Director Becky Humphries formed the Hunter Retention and Recruitment Work Group to address decreasing hunter numbers. When the group identified a lack of access to hunting land as a prime cause for decreasing license sales, revisiting the HAP program seemed like a no-brainer.

Although DNR budgets were tight, a provision in the 2007 federal Farm Bill created a program under the U.S. Department of Agriculture to help fund state efforts to provide more hunting access. The DNR applied for a Voluntary Public Access Grant and was awarded $900,000 for three years to expand HAP.

The DNR’s Parker—who at the time was working as a regional biologist with Pheasants Forever—was part of the recruitment and retention work group and helped the DNR write the grant. Soon after, he was hired to coordinate the HAP program. Parker immediately identified one of the key road blocks: payments to landowners were too low.

“We were not paying competitive lease rates,” Parker said. “The rates we were paying had not been increased since 1996, and they probably were not competitive in 1996. We are paying competitive lease rates now.”

 Greater flexibility for landowners

In addition, the DNR changed the types of hunting rights it was leasing. In the past, landowners were required to allow all types of hunting on the property. Now, property owners can determine the types of hunting rights they wish to lease.

“We increased the flexibility for landowners,” Parker explained. “We gave them options to choose from. They could lease us rights to all hunting, youth or apprentice only, small game only, deer only or turkey only. This increased flexibility was very well received by landowners and really helped us add farms that we would not have enrolled otherwise.”

The highest rates are paid to those landowners who lease all rights, and payment rates decrease as access becomes more restricted. All-hunting leases are the most popular option among landowners.

“The majority of our farms are all-hunting, though lately we’ve been picking up quite a few youth and apprentice farms,” Parker said.

Parked noted there are also some small-game-only farms, but the bulk are all-hunting. Some landowners who have chosen small game or turkey limit the lease rights because they want to reserve deer hunting for friends and family members who like to hunt their property.

“I thought it would be the opposite – that people would want to lease out the deer-hunting rights so they could still hunt small game, and we would help pick up the tab for the damage the deer cause,” Parker explained. “But it hasn’t happened that way.”

Now that the bulk of Michigan deer season has passed, HAP properties will appeal mostly to late-season small game hunters pursuing rabbits, squirrels and Canada geese – though archery deer hunters and late-season antlerless deer hunters have until Jan. 1 to participate. Pheasant season runs through Jan. 1 in much of southern Michigan, too.

Better opportunities for hunters

Access to HAP farms is available in two ways. At most, there is a self-service box at the farm for hunters to register. Other farmers require a mandatory check-in where hunters actually knock on the door and get direct permission from the landowner, Parker said.

“Something we’ve tried to do is make the program more hunter-friendly,” he continued. “Our new website lists all the farms in the program and they’re all listed in Mi-HUNT, which includes aerial photos of the properties,” he said. “So a hunter can sit at home in his living room and scout the property and devise a strategy of how he might want to hunt it. I think those aerial photos will really help hunters.”

Parker said he had focused on signing up farms for HAP that were already enrolled in other Farm Bill programs—such as the Conservation Reserve Program—to help ensure the land supports game animals.

“The benefit to that is we’re getting high-quality wildlife habitat,” he said. “I’m thrilled with the quality of these new farms and the hunting opportunities they will provide.

“Response from hunters thus far has been very positive and I’ve heard multiple great success stories, including a young girl who harvested a dandy 9-point buck with her bow,” Parker added. “For me, providing opportunities like this that allow hunters to enjoy the outdoors and help maintain our hunting heritage is what the program is all about.”

Parker said he plans to conduct extensive surveys of both landowners and hunters after the season to get a sense for what worked, what didn’t and what could be improved for the future. The Hunting Access Program has re-emerged as a worthwhile resource for hunters in southern Michigan, and the DNR is working to keep it that way.

To learn more about the Hunting Access Program, visit www.michigan.gov/hap. To explore hunting opportunities and land resources available through the DNR, visit www.michigan.gov/hunting or www.michigan.gov/mihunt.

Posted in Featured, OutdoorsComments (0)

RSV – Three letters every new parent should know

_HEA-New-parent(BPT) – Like many parents, Heidi Staats had never heard of respiratory syncytial virus, commonly known as RSV, until she almost lost her son to the common, yet potentially severe disease it can cause.
Heidi’s son, Brett, was born only a month preterm. Despite his early arrival, Brett weighed a hearty seven pounds and was deemed ready for discharge after a few short days. Because of his healthy appearance, doctors didn’t think of Brett as a typical “preemie” and didn’t inform Heidi of the increased risks that impact all preterm infants—even those born just a few weeks early. In fact, even though he was a preemie, Brett wasn’t considered to be at high risk for developing severe RSV disease and Heidi wasn’t aware of the dangers of RSV, particularly for premature infants born during the RSV season (November – March).
RSV usually causes mild to moderate cold-like symptoms but in some infants it can cause a serious lung infection. While the virus affects nearly 100 percent of babies before the age of two, premature babies—defined as those born before 37 weeks gestation—are most at risk for developing severe RSV disease.Preemies are not as well-equipped to fight RSV as full-term babies, because they are born with underdeveloped lungs and a lesser amount of vital antibodies. These antibodies are necessary to stave off infections.
Since Heidi wasn’t aware of the need to take extra precautions, she was not alarmed about Brett being around other children and enrolled him in daycare when he was six weeks old. During his second week, one of the teachers mentioned that another child had RSV, a virus Heidi had never heard of. Heidi noticed that Brett had a little cough, but no fever or sniffles. Erring on the side of caution, Heidi took him to the doctor. At that visit, it was noted that Brett’s lungs sounded clear and strong.
“The next day, January 13, is a day I will always remember,” says Heidi. “I called daycare to check in on Brett and the teachers said he seemed fine, but a bit more lethargic than usual. Within a few hours, however, the teacher noticed that Brett was unresponsive and gray in color and they immediately called 911.”
On the way to the hospital, the paramedics were able to stabilize Brett with an oxygen mask, but shortly after arriving, he stopped breathing again. Doctors had to intubate Brett and transport him via helicopter to a nearby children’s hospital, where he could receive the specialized intensive care needed to save his life.
“I was incredibly confused about what was happening,” says Heidi. “When we arrived at the hospital, I overheard one of the doctors saying the baby just brought in from the daycare had coded. Then, I noticed one of the paramedics had tears in his eyes. I knew this wasn’t a good sign but was in complete denial—how could this be my baby boy, who just yesterday had been deemed healthy?”
Later that night, it was confirmed that severe RSV disease was what had caused Brett to stop breathing. He spent six days on the ventilator in the NICU and two more days at the hospital—slowly regaining his strength.
Severe RSV disease is the leading cause of infant hospitalization in the U.S., and is responsible for 1 of every 13 pediatrician visits and 1 of every 38 trips to the E.R. Additionally, while deaths are not common, severe RSV disease causes up to 10 times as many infant deaths each year as the flu, resulting in up to 400 infant deaths annually in the U.S.- In addition to premature infants, other populations at high risk for developing severe RSV disease include children with congenital heart disease and/or chronic lung disease. Risk factors for severe RSV disease include low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds), young chronological age (≤ 12 weeks of age at the onset of RSV season), and situational risk factors such as attending daycare, crowded living conditions, having pre-school or school-aged siblings, or exposure to tobacco smoke.
Because there is no treatment specific for RSV disease, Heidi wants all parents to know there are simple steps they can take to help protect their baby from the virus. “I want all parents to know about Brett’s story and learn about the dangers of RSV,” says Heidi. “I’m so thankful that Brett is alive and thriving today. All parents should know how they can protect their little ones this winter.”
To help protect your baby from RSV, you should:
* Understand the risk factors and ask your child’s pediatrician if your child may be at increased risk.
* Help prevent the spread of the virus by frequently washing your baby’s hands, toys and bedding, and by keeping your baby away from large crowds, young children and people with colds. Additionally, anyone who touches the baby should wash their hands.
* Carefully monitor your baby’s behavior for signs and symptoms like a severe cough or wheezing; difficulty breathing or rapid, gasping breaths; blue color of the lips, mouth, and/or fingernails; difficulty feeding; fatigue and fever.
“I’ve seen how quickly severe RSV disease can develop, and how devastating it can be to families,” says pediatric critical care physician, Kari Kassir, M.D., of Children’s Hospital of Orange County. “While frequent hand washing is essential in preventing the spread of RSV, it’s also important to talk with your child’s pediatrician to determine if he or she is at high risk during the RSV season.”
Visit www.RSVprotection.com for more information.

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Former teacher sentenced in CSC case

Also faces new charge

-N-Teacher-convicted-Jon-JungkindFormer Cedar Springs High School teacher Jon Eric Jungkind, 45, will spend a minimum of 40 months and possibly up to 15 years in prison for allegedly having sex with a then 17-year-old student. He is also now facing a new charge.

The sentence was handed down Monday, December 17, by Judge James Redford in 17th Circuit Court. He was given credit for 26 days, and owes $548 in fees and court costs.

Jungkind, a popular teacher with students, was arrested last November on the charges. The victim told police she had sexual intercourse on two separate occasions during the summer with Jungkind, who was her chemistry teacher. The incidents allegedly happened at his home in Nelson Township. The teen said that she became pregnant and that Jungkind bought her abortion pills to terminate the pregnancy.

He denied having sex with her, but did admit to buying the abortion pills. He testified that he threw them away when she wouldn’t tell her parents about her pregnancy.

Judge Redford reportedly told Jungkind that the evidence against him was overwhelming, and that he abused his position as an educator. He also noted that his testimony was not truthful.

Jungkind was found guilty November 9 of one count of 3rd degree criminal sexual conduct, and acquitted of a second count.

On that same day, November 9, he was found to have brought contraband of some type back into the jail. On November 30 he was charged with bringing a weapon into a prison, and as a habitual offender. Bond was set at $25,000, and he was bound over to Circuit Court on December 11. A status conference is set for January 23.

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